CBD oil refers to oil that contains a concentration of CBD, or cannabidiol. It is most easily extracted from hemp specifically cultivated to be high in CBD since it only contains trace amounts of THC7. This makes the ratio of CBD to THC much higher.
THC is what causes the effect of feeling euphoric or “high”. The forms of cannabis plants that are typically used for smoking are bred to be high in THC. CBD does not give that feeling when consumed as it works with your body in a different way. In fact, CBD counteracts some of the effects of THC. The high ratio of CBD to THC in hemp plants is what makes them ideal to make CBD oil (also known as CBD hemp oil) since it will not get you high.
How Does It Work?
CBD works with the body through the endocannabinoid system, or ECS. The endocannabinoid system is responsible for keeping the body in a state of balance. It impacts the functions of sleep, mood, pain, appetite, hormone, and immune response. ECS also aids your body in creating natural cannabinoids8.
CBD helps to stimulate your body’s natural cannabinoid production to maintain the efficiency of the receptors and optimal function of the endocannabinoid system. But CBD does more than just affect cannabinoid receptors. It impacts many other receptors too9.
Opioid receptors are also affected by CBD. It has also been shown to affect dopamine and serotonin receptors as well. Dopamine helps regulate aspects of cognition and behavior, i.e. motivation and reward seeking. Serotonin receptors deal with problems such as anxiety10.